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Seasons

 

There are four different seasons; Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter.

This is due to how the earth moves around the sun.

This effects plants due to the change in temperature and the change of hours of light in the day. Plants are specifically designed to use the change in seasons to know when they need to grow tall, flower and produce fruit and in the case of trees shed all their leaves.

Trees shed their leaves in autumn and are bare in the winter. When spring comes round the trees bud and produce blossom. When the summer comes round the trees grow loads and are in prime growing mode.

Perennial - plants that are alive the whole year round. They do not die when winter comes in most cases for example. A good way to see this is the blueberry plant, it is a bush plant that sprouts leaves in the spring, fruits in the summer, loses leaves in the autumn and goes into a sort of hibernation in the winter until spring comes round again.

Annual - plants that sprout, grow, fruit and then die over the course of the year. An example of this the tomato plant. The seeds left over from the year before sprout in the spring. Either having being dried and germinated by a human, or by being in the ground from the year before and sprout when the temperature rises. They grow up until mid summer when the fruit until mid autumn. After they have finished fruiting they will die and the dead plant will compost in the ground for the next year's plants.

On our allotment there was tomato plants that sprouted from feeding our chickens the odd tomato. They sprouted, grew, fruited and died over the course of the year. We expect the left over tomato's that we didn't pick to sprout again this year.

However not all trees do this and some are green throughout the year.

Fruit and vegetables grow at different times of the year. This means by changing the species of plant you are growing you can produce crops throughout the year. Most commonly however fruit and vegetables grow in the summer and autumn. This is because thats when the conditions are best because there is lots of light and there are no frosts that can kill alot of the fruit and vegetables. If you look in the monthly guide/fruit and vegetables guide it will show you how to grow plants throughout the year so you can enjoy your own fruit and vegetables all year round.