Planting guide

Learn how to get the most out of your allotment by reading information on each plant and the tools and equipment you might need.

Sowing/planting seeds

Empty allotment

To sow your seed you need to divide your ground into sections like in the picture and plant along the lines giving lots of room for the plants to grow. The fruit and vegetable guide will help you show how close by showing you an example. It's good to keep everything neat and tidy, it will help you when it comes to weeding and also harvesting.

Dig a small hole about 2-6 inches depending on how big the seeds is, the bigger the seed is the deeper you should plant it. Put the seed into the hole and then cover it with dirt and then water, make sure you water the plants every day that there isn't rain.

It is good practise to plant multiple seeds at once in the same spot and weed out the weakest ones and leave the strongest to grow. Some of your seeds may not germinate but this is natural and the reason we plant multiple seeds. In the fruit and vegetables guide it will tell you when you should plant multiple seeds.

Some plants need to be started off in a seedtray/small pot and then grown until they are a good size seedling and then planted into the allotment. These can also be brought as seedling and there are many garden shops and suppliers for these baby plants.

General Duties

Seedlings in a tray

Remember to water whenever it doesn't rain for a few days, this is very important!

You will need to weed out all of the other plants that may grown in your garden, this needs to be done so your fruit and vegetables have lots of space to grow and don't have to compete with any other plants.

Some plants need to be pruned and cut back. In the fruit and vegetables guide it will say if the plant needs to be pruned

You can feed your plants special plant food such as manure or worm castings. This will help your plant grow strong. Putting manure in the soil in winter and leaving it to turn into compost over the winter and early spring will help you fruit and vegetables to grow stronger and bigger, this is similar to how we need special nutrients and minerals. There are lots of different plant foods and certain ones for certain plants. The fruit and vegetable guide will help you to decide what food for each type of plant.


Some plants need to have butterfly netting otherwise the butterflies will lay eggs on your crop and the caterpillars will eat your crop.

Slugs and snails love eating our plants! You may need to put down some slug pellets or they may eat your crop.

Crop roatation

Brassicas: Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, kohl-rabi, oriental greens, radish, swede and turnips.

Legumes: Pea,broad beans

Onions: Onion, garlic, shallot, leek

Potato family: Tomato, Potato

Roots: Beetroot, carrot, celeriac, celery, Florence fennel, parsley, parsnip and all other root crops, except swedes and turnips, which are brassicas

Peppers, Auberignes, French and Runner beans don't usually have too many problems and can be grown anywhere.

Year one
Section one: Potatoes
Section two: Legumes, onions and roots
Section three: Brassicas

Year two
Section one: Legumes, onions and roots
Section two: Brassicas
Section three: Potatoes

Year three
Section one: Brassicas
Section two: Potatoes
Section three: Legumes, onions and roots


Compost bins

1. Start your compost pile on bare earth. This allows worms and other small animals to get into your compost and begin breaking it down.

2. Add a layer of straw or twigs, a few inches deep. This helps to aerate the compoist. Oxygen is needed inside to compost to aid with breaking it down.

3. Add compost materials in layers, alternating moist and dry. Moist materials are mainly food waste. Dry materials are things such as sawdust and wood ashes.

4. Add manure, green manure. Green manure is grass clippings and other green waste. This add vital nutrients to the compost mixture.

5. Keep compost moist but not too moist. Water is needed to aid in breaking down the compost materials.

6. Cover with anything you have such as wood or plastic sheets. This traps the heat in and also stops it from getting over watered by the rain.

7. Turn. This aerates the compost but also mixes the layers of compost together to get a more even distribution.

Design by Joe Drozd